Residential segregation, or the physical separation of groups into different neighbourhoods, may have negative effects, such as decreased chances on the labour market among minority groups. There is however no accepted standard for segregation measurement, mostly as the geographical areas concerned differ much in size and distribution. We propose an innovative measure of segregation, where neighbourhoods are defined from around individuals instead of being based on administrative borders. Our new measures of socio-economic and ethnic segregation will be comparable across cities and countries, and may be used by academics and practitioners in order to combat segregation and its negative effects.

Project website

Animation clip of the project

Lead partner

Stockholm University, Department of Human Geography


Human Geography & Sociology at University of Oslo, Statistics Denmark, Netherlands Interdisciplinary Demographic Institute, and Interface Demography at Vrije Universiteit Brussel


JPI Urban Europe, 2014-2017


1.6 million euros

Researchers in the Stockholm group

Karen Haandrikman (project leader), Michael Nielsen (postdoc), Eva Andersson and Bo Malmberg.


  • Malmberg, Bo, Michael M. Nielsen, Eva Andersson and Karen Haandrikman (2016), Two Decades of Changing Ethnic Residential Segregation in Sweden". ResSegr Working Paper 2016:1. Download
  • Andersson, Eva, Bo Malmberg, Rafael Costa, Bart Sleutjes, Marcin Jan Stonawski and Helga de Valk (2017), A Comparative Study of Segregation Patterns in Belgium, Denmark, the Netherlands and Sweden: Neighbourhood Concentration and Representation of Non-European Migrants. ResSegr Working Paper 2017:1. Download
  • Nielsen, Michael Meinild, Karen Haandrikman, Rafael Costa, Bart Sleutjes, Marcin Stonawski and Adrian F. Rogne (2017), Residential Segregation in 5 European Countries. Technical Report. ResSegr Working Paper 2017:2, forthcoming.


Karen Haandrikman,