The (regular) examination is made within the course period. Many forms of examination are used.

A common method is take-home examination. This is an open book, open note examination in the form of a paper or an essay. There will usually be a number of questions.

Written “sit-down” examinations are quite common in the First Cycle courses.

Continuous assessment is used in many courses and may be based on compulsory attendance as well as participation in seminars arranged throughout the course. In several courses students also write an extended paper or report.

Examinations seldom require that students merely reproduce the material presented during lectures. Most courses require a number of examination formats and occasions within the course; one course can for instance include active participation in seminars where student papers are presentated, discussed and criticized by other students, paperwork (individually and/or in teams), take-home examination, compulsory exercises and excursions.