“Biocultural heritage in Sicilian olive groves; the importance of heterogeneous landscapes over the long term” is written by Vincenza Ferrara, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Uppsala University, Anneli Ekblom, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Uppsala University, and Anders Wästfelt, Department of Human Geography, Stockholm University. The article is published by Elsevier in Encyclopedia of the World’s Biomes edited by I. M. Goldstein och D. A DellaSala.